The art of tying knots on a dyed fabric is what is done in Bandhani. The immense skills involved in making a single Bandhani textile makes it a lot more appreciable. The dyed textile is decorated with designs and patterns by plucking the cloth with fingernails into very small bindings.After doing all process finally it brings out the unique design.
HISTORY AND ORIGIN of BANDHANI
The earliest traces of bandhani art form can be found back in Indus Valley Civilization, as early as 4000 B.C. But the most significant form was found in Ajanta caves, where the designed dots depicted the life of Buddha. Historically, the dyes used in Bandhani textile have been both natural and man made. Mostly the colour Red, Blue, Green, Yellow, and Black are used to make it look more vibrant. Bandhani Sarees were very popular with brides, as it was thought to bring good luck in the married life of the girl. It dates back to the Royal marriage in Bana Bhatt’s Harshacharita.
Bandhani Textile work was well established in India by the Khatri community of Gujarat. It is an ancient practice of bandhan in clothes in Gujarat and Rajasthan.
Indeed places in Rajasthan like Jaipur, Sikar, Udaipur, Bikaner, Ajmer, and Jamnagar in Gujarat are the centres of producing odhnis, sarees and turbans in Bandhani craft. Different communities in Rajasthan can still be seen following the tradition of tying turbans with different patterns of bandhani on their heads. and women wearing sarees with bandhani pattern.
PROCESS OF MAKING of BANDHANI
Bandhani is a method of binding small knots and dyeing them in different colours to produce beautiful patterns. This tying was normally done with fingernails for making. But in some places of Rajasthan. craftsmen wear a metal ring with a pointy nail to help plucking the cloth easily.
The process of making a bandhani textile is not very tough, but is very time consuming. The fabric used for making Bandhani sarees and dupattas are loosely woven silk called Georgette, or cotton known as Malmal.
The knots are tightly tied, and the rest of the fabric is dyed in multiple stages. The leaves the knots undyed and hence a beautiful flower-like pattern appears all over the cloth as a design.
The market of Bandhani clothes is known as pan India. The demand of it remains all around different seasons, all year, although the demand of Bandhani sarees are seen at a spike in the festive and wedding season. Gujarat is currently the main, and highest producer of Bandhani products and textiles.