Caricature is an art form where the artist draws realistic portraits of people. Some caricaturists exaggerate the features of people like enlarged nose, widened eyes making the picture reflect humor but still holding the similarity to the original person. Every one of us have seen caricatures of ancient kings, queens, prince and princesses depicting valour, pride, beauty and elegance. If caricature hasn’t evolved, we wouldn’t have imagined the faces of our ancestors. Although these days people use digital photography, caricature has its own uniqueness and demand.
History of caricature:
The word caricature has its origin in Italy where the word ‘caricare’ means to exaggerate. Some of the earliest caricatures are found in the works of Leonardo da Vinci, who actively sought people with deformities to use as models. The point was to offer an impression of the original which was more striking than a portrait. The first creators of caricatures are believed to be two Italian brothers Annibale Carraci and Agostino Carracci.
They used it in a sarcastic way to mock the precision oriented drawing taught in their academy. Indeed apart from this, some of the famous works of the acclaimed artist Leonardo da Vinci, also portrays caricature. Caricature took a road to its first successes in the closed aristocratic circles of France and Italy, where such portraits could be passed about for mutual enjoyment. Many of the historical wars pave way to the evolution of caricature as the kings wanted to showcase their victory and valour. When politics came into limelight, caricatures were used to mock the activities of political leaders.The first book of caricatures ‘A Book of Caricaturas’ is published in London by Mary Darley.
Some of the caricature greatest caricaturists of all time:
He was commissioned to provide art for U.S postal stamps. His black and white caricatures are still gushed and preserved in U.S museums.
He used the pen name Tom Tit for his caricatures. His hay market riot caricatures gathered him wide spread recognition.
He is widely recognized for his caricatures in The Mad magazine, Time magazine etc.
He is famous for the not so popular pen ink caricature. In 1967 he was elected into the National Academy of Design as an Associate member and became a full Academician in 1971.
Jose Miguel Covarrubias Duclaud:
Originally a mexican painter, he is well known for his caricature of celebrities. He managed to capture the spirit of the Harlem Renaissance in much of his work as well as in his book, Negro Drawings.
He created more than 700 caricatures of show business celebrities and other notables for the walls of Sardi’s Restaurant in the theater district of New York City: the first artist to do so.
He made hyper realistic distortion on his caricature of celebrities and is also acclaimed for the use of acrylic paint.
You can buy Supplies related to Caricature on Afday. Supplies needed for Caricature is Pen, Pencil or any other related things with paintings
Caricature artists are also popular attractions at many places frequented by tourists, especially oceanfront boardwalks, where vacationers can have a humorous caricature sketched in a few minutes for a small fee. Caricature artists can sometimes be hired for parties, where they will draw caricatures of the guests for their entertainment.