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In embroidery, couching is  a technique in which the embroidery floss or other threads, yarns are placed across the surface of the ground fabric and fastened in place with small stitches of the same or a different yarn.

Couching is an embroidery technique that makes use of two threads at a time.  It is composed of a top thread or surface thread and a stitching thread that holds the surface thread in place. 

The couching threads may be either the same color as the laid threads or a contrasting color. When couching threads contrast with laid threads, patterns may be made in the couching stitches. 

The surface thread can be thicker or of some texture because it does not enter the main fabric but lay above the surface. The main thread can even be fabric strips, some other materials, or even cord instead of embroidery floss. 


  • An embroidery hoop
  • Sewing needles of different sizes (as per need)
  • Pencil
  • Small scissors
  • Small pieces of cotton fabric
  • Normal cotton thread
  • Ruler

Here we have got a simple step by step guide to get you started with the Couching stitch.

  1. The unique part of this method is that you will require two threads, or yarns, and two needles.The needles recommended are tapestry with a bigger eye and a point to enter the fabric. Place the fabric tight in the hoop for a better embroidery experience.
  2. It is recommended to first draw the couching stitch design on the fabric if you are making curved or a straight line if it’s a single line. Make sure to draw with an erasable pencil.
  3. Place both the threads on the needles respectively. Pull the surface thread up through the back of the fabric to your starting point. Now cover the distance of the line you want, and put it in through the fabric and here is the base of the couching stitch. This will lay to the surface.
  4. Bring the thinner stitching thread up from the bottom of the fabric to the place next to the surface yarn at the starting point.
  5. Now roll over the surface thread and put it in the spot near of the surface thread on the other side from where the thin stitching started, from up to the bottom of the fabric. Pull the thread, and here you will see the first wrap on the surface thread.
  6. Now your stitching thread should be at the bottom of the fabric. Now bring up the thread again from a point near the surface yarn and repeat the step 3. And here you go! This was a couching stitch.

In Couching, one or more threads are laid on the fabric surface and sewn to the fabric at regular intervals, so it produces a really interesting design with variants in thread colour and many other creative designs. In couched filling, threads are laid on the surface in a trellis pattern and sewn to the fabric at the intersections.

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