Hand stitching is a simple method to make beautiful art with fabric and thread, and it’s both enjoyable and soothing to learn. Although learning to embroider might be frightening at first, most designs only require a few fundamental stitches, which are covered in our stitching lessons. You’ll be ready to tackle just about any embroidery stitch if you master these 15 fundamental stitches, whether you’re a novice stitcher or an accomplished starter.
Backstitch is so simple to master that you’ll be able to accomplish it in only a few stitches. This fundamental stitch is most likely to be the one you use the most. Backstitch is not only excellent for outlining, but it also combines nicely with other stitches, making it an important stitch to master. It’s very simple to add weaving or wrapping to, and it rapidly turns into the more beautiful Pekinese stitch.
Running stitch is a simple embroidery stitch that may be used to create dashed outlines and embellish your needlework with details. It also serves as the foundation for Japanese sashiko needlework. It is flexible and may grow complicated, despite its simplicity. You may alter the appearance by changing the length and spacing of the stitches, or by adding a second row of stitches between the first. It’s also a stitch that may be used in conjunction with weaving and wrapping.
The straight stitch doesn’t need much explanation because it’s as easy as bringing the needle up through the cloth and then lowering it. However, it’s worthwhile to investigate the various applications for this basic embroidery stitch. Create stars, dispersed fills, textures, and more with the straight stitch. To include this flexible stitch into your design, practise length and placement.
Making French knots remains a problem for many stitchers. While learning takes time, it is well worth the effort. Not only is this a frequent stitch in needlework designs, but it’s also useful for creating textured fills and other design components. This stitch entails wrapping the needle around the fabric’s surface to produce a knot. Holding the working thread taut but not too tight is the key to constructing French knots. Give it some time to develop.
Another fundamental stitch for producing smooth edges is the stem stitch. It works well for both straight lines and curves, and it isn’t just for embroidering stems, despite its name. Use a stem stitch on almost any line in your embroidery. Stem stitching, like many other stitches, may be adjusted in width or used for fill stitching. To achieve a lovely finish, simply maintain your stitch length constant.
Chain stitch is the stitch to choose if you want a bolder line of embroidery. The chain stitch creates a row of connected stitches that is quite noticeable. The chain stitch may be worked in a variety of ways, and it’s a good idea to learn how to do it both forward and backward. Try some of the other variants once you’ve mastered those.
The basic satin stitch is one of the most popular embroidery techniques for filling up spaces. Satin stitch is a sequence of straight stitches done next to each other. There are a few variants, but at its core, it is a series of straight stitches worked next to each other. What could be more straightforward? Practicing the length and closeness of the threads is the key to turning those straight stitches into something unique. As a consequence, you’ll get a beautiful full form.
Feather stitch is a connected stitch that results in open lines that appear to move. It’s ideal for creating frames and borders, and it also looks great when stacked or decorated with other stitches. The appearance of feather stitch makes it ideal for sewing seaweed, leaves, feathers, or scales, and the variances allow for a wide range of natural motifs to be embroidered.
Another technique for producing outlines is to use split stitch. Working split stitch is similar to working backstitch, except the technique is reversed. In fact, the backside of your work will resemble the front side of the backstitch. For creating strong and somewhat textured lines of needlework, use this stitch, which is formed by piercing or dividing the preceding stitch.
A detachable chain stitch, often known as a single chain, is a popular stitch for producing flowers, leaves, and other items. This stitch is similar to a chain stitch, except it only has one “link.” Lazy daisy blooms are made with detached chain stitches, which are generally produced with five or six of these stitches.
The fly stitch is similar to a detachable chain stitch, but instead of creating a petal or teardrop shape, it creates a V shape or a gentle curve. Fly stitch in a row, scatter as fill, stitched in a radius, and a variety of additional options are available.
Woven Wheel Stitch
Although the woven wheel pattern appears to be a more difficult embroidery stitch, it’s actually fairly basic. Begin by making a star of straight stitches, then weaving the working thread into a flower. Soon, you’ll have a stitch that will cover your hoop in beautiful blossoms.
The couching stitch is an embroidery method that everyone should know, even if it isn’t often included in beginner stitch lists. At the same time, two strands of thread are used in this stitch. One stays on the fabric’s surface, while the other uses tacking stitches to keep it in place. This stitch may be used to draw outlines, add texture, or fill in an area. It also works with ribbon, yarn, and other materials.
The hardest aspect of the blanket stitch is typically getting started, but once you do, it’s a breeze. Make borders and ornamental lines with this stitch, or use it as an edge for appliqué within your needlework. Adjust the spacing and height of the stitches to provide diversity to the stitch.
Bullion knots, by far the most complex stitch on our list, are not for the faint of heart. They are, nevertheless, a stitch that you should learn. Consider them a lengthy French knot that may be used to form beautiful flowers. Make them tiny at first, then gradually increase the size. You’ll be relieved to learn this.