History of Lippan kaam you will love it. Learn about the not-so-known Lippan Art! Lippan art work is the traditional artwork of the desert region of Rajasthan and Gujarat
History of Lippan Kaam
On the off chance that you travel through Kutch (and for the love of craftsmanship and regular untamed excellence you should), you will most unquestionably be enticed to stop over and over at various towns and towns to respect expressions of the human experience and specialties of this antiquated piece of Gujarat.
As you clear your path through the tremendous stretches of the Indian side of the world’s most noteworthy salt desert (the Great Rann of Kutch) found in India and Pakistan, you will run over the odd bhunga (mud house) with dividers flawlessly designed in generally roundabout mirror-work. This is Lipan Kaam.
Lippan craftsmanship is the conventional fine art of the desert area of Rajasthan and Gujarat. ‘Lippan’ signifies to apply. Excellent plans utilizing camels, birds, trees, blossoms, peacocks and other nature propelled themes are made on the mass of homes utilizing mud, string and mirrors. Gods and images that carry flourishing and harmony to homes are imaginatively planned in this artistic expression.
Mud and mirror work is basically done by the ladies of the Rabari people group. The ladies are so knowledgeable about this artistic expression that they typically don’t draw or follow an example prior to starting work. Rabari is the peaceful local area of Kutch, living in the edges of its towns. They stay in a couple of bunches of public or family houses known as Bhungas which are planned and worked to deal with their functional necessities in the cruel environment of Kutch. This artistic expression has no records accessible to follow its starting point.
Mud and mirror work is known as Lipan Kaam. It is a conventional painting specialty of Kutch. It is additionally called as Chittar Kaam. The beginnings of Lipan Kaam are obscure. Different people group in Kutch accomplish mud-help work and have their own unmistakable style of lipan kaam. This makes it much harder to follow the foundations of Lipan Kaam. The beginning of Lippan Kaam is lost in the pages of history yet the workmanship has advanced across numerous years, with neighbourhood networks putting forth a deliberate attempt to keep this brilliant and dynamic custom alive.
Mud-Mirror work is otherwise called Chittar kaam. In Gujarati language, Lippan kaam implies
- Lipan or Lippan= Clay or Dung
- Kaam = work
Sorts OF MOTIFS/ PATTERNS USED:
In Lippan Kaam Rabaries portray their everyday lives as themes. They as a rule show peacocks, camels, elephants, mango trees, representative sanctuaries, euphoric ladies agitating buttermilk, water bearing ladies, and other every day exercises of the life in Kutch.
More often than not plans of lippan kaam are freehand drawings. Muslim people group be that as it may utilize mathematical examples as themes since utilizing creatures and human images is restricted in their religion.
The themes are roused from the rich and renowned weaving designs and when the dividers are done, they look dazzling with mirrors installed in the mud work, similar as the actual weavings.
The mirrors utilized are called aabhla and come in different shapes – round, precious stone and three-sided. These mirrors look stylishly engaging and add sparkling light inside the bhunga homes. The mud-reflect work is intricately done on dividers, parts, roofs, entryways, specialties and floors.
MATERIALS FOR LIPPAN KAAM:
At first camel excrement or wild ass waste was utilized as the primary restricting specialist for setting up the batter that is blended in with earth. Now and then millet was additionally utilized as another option. The mud utilized for this work is really mud which is completely sieved to acquire the fine particles which mixes effectively with different particles. Be that as it may, these days rather than manure and millet, either saw residue or chalk powder is utilized.
Plans on Lipan Kaam
Lipan Kaam is normally found in the smooth types of peacocks, camels, elephants, rich water bearing ladies, happy ladies stirring buttermilk, emblematic sanctuaries, mango trees, and different instances of life in the Kutch. The lipan on the dividers, parts, entryways, lintels, specialties, and the floors of the bhunga sport elaborate bas alleviation designs that comprise of okli-surfaces made by the impressions of fingers and palms-and etched structures that are decorated with mirrors. Justifiably, the Muslim people group stick to realistic and eye-getting mathematical examples of lipan kaam; portraying the human or creature structure is considered profoundly un-Islamic.
How It’s Done
Generally, Lippan Kaam utilizes a mixture arranged from creature excrement and mud or earth purchased from the Rann of Kutch and the lakes in the Kutch district. Compost and mud are blended in equivalent extents, and a batter is ready. Mud or earth has a characteristic inclination to cling to the dividers of mud houses. Prior, husk of bajri or millet was utilized as a choice to excrement, to fend termites off.
When the batter is prepared, the level surface of the ‘work of art’, customarily a divider, is saturated so that mud in help structure sticks to it. Initial, a boundary is made, which behaves like a casing, inside which beautifying themes are made. This boundary is called ‘kaam’ or ‘kaamtane’. The surface is partitioned into flat and vertical lines.
The mixture is then moved into round and hollow portions of shifting thicknesses and used to make exact examples on a superficial level. Prior, huge mirrors were broken utilizing stones and these little shards were orchestrated stylishly to shape redundant plans. Help work with a combination of mud and waste was then made around it. After the fine art dries, it is covered with white mud or white sand from the Rann. Lippan requires days to dry and make, as each progression is executed by hand.
These days, reflections of different shapes are utilized in the themes. They are called ‘aabhla’. Round, three-sided and precious stone formed mirrors are usually utilized. Additionally, wooden sheets made of MDF (medium-thickness fibreboard) are currently utilized as surfaces for Lippan Kaam, which makes the workmanship compact. The blend also has gone through an ocean change. Rather than creature compost, the batter is made of chalk powder, sawdust and mud alongside stick. The interaction is simpler, the work lightweight, less inclined to breakage and furthermore smell free. The shift to current materials has helped the fine art last more. It is stronger and requires next to zero support, dissimilar to the craftsmanship executed by means of the customary interaction.
While Lippan Kaam is customarily white, today it is made in wonderful shading mixes. Shades of red, yellow, green and blue are utilized in the examples and plans. Utilizing waterproof, launderable shadings further improves its allure and application in present day homes.
Instructions to do Lippan on your own:
- The configuration is drawn on a piece of compressed wood with pencil.
- A raised boundary is made, and afterward the themes are made inside it.
- Clay is blended in with water to make it delicate and malleable and afterward moved into long pieces and adhered on to the plan with a gentle cement
- The work must be done outside in sun, to make it dry for very nearly 4-5 days
- Light dampness is applied to the long bits of mud to keep them from break while being applied on to the plan.
- The mirrors are stuck fittingly with cement after the plan is finished.
- Authenticit Lipan Kaam lies in a finished piece that is all white or in shades of neutrals yet at times splendid shadings like red and green are painted on the dried dirt work.