Learn How to Crochet Knots and Basics

Learn How to Crochet Knots and Basics
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Crochet projects are cute and fun to make, but if you don’t know how to crochet knots and basics, you need to learn the basics.

In this instructable, I will show you How To:

  • read a pattern, 
  • select yarn and understand the labels 
  • select the right crochet hook (conversion chart included) and, 
  • complete many of the basic stitches required to make your own project. 
  • and more.

All stitches shown, have been broken down into easy to follow steps; with both written instructions and photos.

If you like this instructable, and would like to see something added, let me know!

Crochet Knots and Basics: Tools & Materials

Crochet Knots and Basics

Crochet Hook

Each crochet hook is labeled with a letter and/or the size in mm’s. Refer to the conversion chart (photo 2) for more information.

Yarn

Refer to photo’s 3, 4 & 5 for more information about yarn labels.

Small safety pin or stitch marker

When crocheting in rounds, your project will grow more like a spiral, and it can be difficult to see where a round starts and ends. By using a safety pin, you can mark the first stitch of each round to keep track of where you start and finish each round.

100% Polyester Fiber Fill

In most cases, you will need to stuff your Amigurumi Crochet project after its been completed. 100% Polyester fiber fill is the best material to use, as it does not retain water when you need to wash and dry your project.

Yarn Needle

After crocheting your project, you’ll have loose yarn ends that need to be woven (hidden) into your stitches to prevent your project from falling apart. A yarn needle is therefore needed. It has a larger eye (where the yarn gets threaded into), and the end is usually rounded instead of sharp and pointed like a traditional sewing needle.

Crochet Knots and Basics: Slip Knot, Chain Stitch, Terms & Abbreviations

Once you finish reading through these terms I have included some links to a couple of easy hat patterns to help you practice the skills we just covered.

ch: chain
sp: space
ch-sp: chain space (can also be written as ch-1 sp, ch-2 sp, etc.)
sl st: slip stitch
sk st: skip stitch
sc: single crochet
hdc: half double crochet
dc: double crochet

tr: treble crochet
st/sts: stitch/stitches
tog: together
prev: previous
RS: right side
WS: wrong side
YO: yarn over
BLO/BL: back loop only (looking at the top of the stitch, you will see two “loops”. If you see this in a pattern, only work stitches in the back loop
FLO/FL: front loop only (looking at the top of the stitch, you will see two “loops”. If you see this in a pattern, only work stitches in the front loop
Magic Circle/Magic Ring: This is a special slip knot that you work your stitches in when beginning projects in the round (like hats).

Most crochet projects will either begin with a slip knot and chain stitching, or will use an adjustable “Magic Ring”.

How to Make a Slip Knot

Learn How to Make a Slip Knot

1 Step: Arrange the yarn (so that it resembles a pretzel). 

2 StepPick up the yarn.

3 Step: Pull tight to complete the Slip knot.

How to Make a Chain Stitch

Crochet Knots and Basics

Step 1: Begin with a Slip Knot

Step 2: Pick up the yarn (from the ball),

Step 3: Pull the yarn through the loop on the crochet hook.

That’s all there is to creating a chain stitch. Repeat Steps 2 – 3 for the number of chain stitches your pattern indicates.

Crochet Knots Terms & Abbreviations

Refer to image 3 for the Basic Terms and Abbreviations used in Crochet Patterns (in alphabetical order). 

Step 3: Crochet Stitches: Single, Increase, Decrease

Crochet Knots and Basics

Crochet Stitches: Single, Increase, Decrease:

How to Single Crochet, sc

Step 1: Put the hook into first stitch.

Step 2: Draw the yarn (from the long end to the ball).

Step 3: Pull the yarn through the first stitch, (2 stitches remain on hook).

Step 4: Yarn over (pull a loop of yarn from above).

Step 5: Pull the yarn through both loops on the crochet hook.

You have created ONE single crochet.

How to Single Crochet Increase, sc inc

To single crochet increase, create 2 single crochets (one after another), in the same stitch.

How to Single Crochet Decrease, sc dec (refer to image 2)

Step 1: Beginning just like a single crochet, put the hook into the first stitch.

2: Pull a loop of yarn through the hole, (2 loops remain on hook).

3: Put hook into next stitch.

4: Pull a loop of yarn through the hole, (3 loops remain on hook).

5: Pull a loop of yarn (yarn over), through the 3 loops on the hook,

This creates a decrease, as you’ve used up 2 stitches and are left with one.

Crochet Stitches: Double Crochet:

How to Double Crochet, dc:

Step 1: Draw the yarn (from the long end leading to the ball).

Step 2: Put the hook into stitch (indicated in your pattern).

Step 3: Draw the yarn (from the long end leading to the ball).

Step 4: Pull yarn through the first stitch (3 stitches remain on the hook).

Step 5: Draw the yarn (from the long end leading to the ball)

Step 6: Pull the yarn through 2 loops on the hook, (2 stitches will remain on hook).

Step 7: Draw the yarn again, (from the long end leading to the ball).

Step 8: Pull the yarn through the 2 loops on the hook. One loop will remain on the hook.

You have now completed ONE, Double Crochet stitch.

Crochet Knots and Basics

Crochet Stitches: Half Double Crochet:

How to Half Double Crochet, hdc

Step 1: Draw the yarn (from the long end leading to the ball.

Step 2: Put the hook into stitch (indicated in your pattern).

Step 3: Draw the yarn (from the long end leading to the ball).

Step 4: Pull yarn through the first stitch (3 stitches remain on the hook).

Step 5: Draw the yarn (from the long end leading to the ball).

Step 6: Pull the yarn through all 3 loops on the hook, like shown (1 stitch will remain on hook).

You have now completed ONE, Half Double Crochet stitch.

That’s all there is to creating a chain stitch. Repeat Steps 2 – 3 for the number of chain stitches your pattern indicates.

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