If you’re a person who loves architecture then you must be aware of the Konark stone carving. It’s one of the most famous architectural sites in the world. The best examples of ancient stone carvings are decorated in the temples of Puri, Bhubaneswar and Konak, paying homage to the famous architectural ingenuity of Odisha. These sculptures express love, dedication and faith with their exquisite details and craftsmanship.
Stone carving is an ancient practice of sculpting stone into art. In India, this ancient practice is found in Odisha. Stone carving is one of the major handicraft of Odisha. This form of art mainly consists of customs based carved works. The most famous and a ‘World Heritage Site’ of this art form is the Sun Temple of Konark. Other monuments include the ‘Stupas of Udayagiri’ and ‘Ratnagiri’ at Jaganath and many other places.
If you want to visit the temple then you can go between 6 am and 8 pm everyday. Other attractions over there are the museum and the light and sound show which many people go over there to see. Inside the temple there are many things to see such as, the existing temple structure, the NavaGraha or the nine planets temple, variousThe Truth About Konark Stone Carving Is About To Be Revealed images of mythical creatures, musicians and dancers.
All the temples in the “Golden Triangle” of Puri, Bhubaneswar and Konak will be amazed by their wealth, exemplary craftsmanship and extraordinary performance of the entire creative world, which can only be described by otherworldly beauty.
This tradition of temple stone carving can be traced back to the end of the 6th century and the beginning of the 7th century. Almost all the temples built by the East Ganges dynasty are miniatures, and their majesty is hard to see. For more than years, this craft has become an art, and the stone replicas seen in the temples of Orissa are both ornaments and useful objects. Today’s artists work with traditional chisels and hammers and recreate these masterpieces using ancient teachings based on Hindu texts.
Orissa’s most famous Konark Temple which was built in the 13th century stands testimony to the KOnark carvings. It was built to commemorate “Surya the Sun God ”. It is a “World Heritage Site”. This temple was constructed by King Narasimhadeva 1 of Eatern Ganga Dynasty. The temple was conceived as a solar chariot with twelve pairs of ornamented whee;s which is dragged by seven horses. The carved stone wheels which are 12 feet in diameter is the specialty of the sun temple. The chariot shaped temple resembles as though it is emerging from the depth of the sea carrying the sun. This can be seen during the dawn view. It is a visual treat.
The sun temple has unique architecture. The carved wheels have geometric patterns which are used to depict sundials. The three images of Sun god can be witnessed at dawn, noon and at sunset.
The name of this temple is a combination of 2 words ‘Kona’ which means corner and ‘Arka’ which means Sun, when combined the 2 words it means the ‘Sun God’ which is worshipped in ‘Ark Kshetra’.
Making process and materials used for Konark stone carving:
Artists use hard and soft stones, but prefer soft stones because they can use their simple tools: red sandstone, McCran marble, hondalite (locally known as Sahana Patara), black granite (called Muguni Pathara), serpentine Stone, white soapstone (called Hadi Patara or local soft rock) and Kochila Patara (green slate or green stone, named for its rich green chlorite, serpentine, ) are the most commonly used stones.
Cut the stone with a saw and chisel according to the given project. The sides of the faceted gems are cleaned with local tools. The main pattern is drawn on the stone and shaped with a chisel. Use hammers and chisels of various sizes and types to leave a deeper mark on the stone. All surfaces are carefully processed and polished.
Speciality of Konark stone carving:
The uniqueness of this stone sculpture is that it uses serpentine, which comes in different colors, such as green, pink, gray and black. The matte luster and touch of this stone are reminiscent of the colors and patterns of snakeskin, giving it those of Odissi dancers, Svarasundaris (girls playing musical instruments), Konak wheels, horses, elephants, lions and Ganesha The postures of idols, Lord Krishna and Radha Devi, Buddha, Durga Devi and others create an elegant and charming atmosphere.
These craftsmen also make home accessories, such as chandeliers, accountants, vases, pencils, paperweights, lamp holders, ceramic utensils, such as cups, vases, glasses, and puja supplies. Today, artisans have begun to make modern products that are popular with tourists and locals.
This sacred ship received a Geographical Indication in 2008.