Pattachitra is one of the entrancing conventional artistic creation of Odisha, India. All shadings utilized in the Paintings are regular. Prior it was done distinctly on material and known to portray Hindu folklore, today Pattachitra craftsmen are investigating new plans and topics. There was a period, when this artistic expression was known to be related distinctly with men, yet with time, lady have likewise dominated it and are adding to support this uncommon legacy. Pattachitra is a painting done on material, and is showed by rich vivid application, innovative examples and plans, and depiction of straightforward and wonderful topics, which portrays most fanciful characters.
Pattachitra= Patta (Cloth) + Chitra (Painting)
A brief look at this artistic expression can be found in the wall paintings of Puri, Konark and Bhubaneshwar districts. Raghurajpur, a little town on the banks of waterway Bhargavi close to Puri is a dwelling place of Pattachitra compositions and has caught the consideration of the world as a Heritage town with at least one part in every family engaged with expressions.
Customarily, the painters are known as ‘chitrakaars’. In antiquated occasions, craftsmanship is rehearsed by the whole group of chitrakars. The ladies used to set up the paste, make the material, and furthermore help out in filling the boundaries while the guys are the expert painter who draws the underlying representation and gives the last contacts to the artistic creations. The craftsmanship has stayed uninfluenced by different schools of Indian Paintings i.e., Mughal and Pahadi Styles as Odisha had remained uninvaded by the Mughals for an extensive stretch which furnishes the workmanship to develop with its novel styles.
What is exceptional about them?
Truly made simply by Male Orissa Artists, presently a few ladies Artists are likewise perceived for their delightful work.
Canvases portray the narratives utilizing colours for Ornamentation and Details.
Mohapatra’s from Raghurajpur town in Puri are viewed as the Master Artists of Pattachitra.
A Pattachitra Artist shows his exceptional style just to his child; however, a few mysteries are not uncovered even to him. Raghunath Mohapatra is among the most famous of Pattachitra ace craftsmen, and beneficiary of India’s most noteworthy distinctions.
These artistic creations have been drawn on the dividers of Udayagiri caves and the renowned Sun Temple of Konark.
What do pattachitra canvases show?
Pattachiytra Folk Art is motivated by the Lord Jagannath.
Initially they portrayed the stories of Lord Jagannath and his sibling Balabhadra and Sister Subhadra. They additionally showed stories of Navagraha’s and scenes from their lives. Indeed, even today, these compositions portray the fables in same way as they were portrayed hundreds of years prior, unperturbed and uninfluenced by them.
Pattachitra specialty of today, while saving the conventional style and themes, shows stories of Radha and Krishna, Lord Ganesha, and scenes from Krishna’s Leela.
The tones utilized are brilliant and essentially white, red, yellow, blue, green and dark. The red is utilized predominantly for the back ground. These tones are ready out of the regular fixings. White is ready from powder of conch-shell, yellow from Haritala, a sort of stone, red from geru (Dheu) and Hingula dark from consuming light and coconut shell and green from leaves. The tones are blended in with kaitha gum which goes about as a fixative and keeps the artwork from rotting. An assortment of tones is made by blending the current essential tones, similar to, red blended in with white gives pink. On the off chance that the shadings dry in the coconut shell then, at that point water is blended in the shading and it is reused. The brushes that are utilized by these ‘Chitrakaras’ are additionally native and are made of hair of homegrown creatures. A lot of hair attached to the furthest limit of a bamboo stick make the brush. In This manner, the wonderful and intriguing fine art, The Patta Chitra has become a particular fine art and has caught the creative mind of specialists and craftsmanship sweethearts the same. It is being utilized for assortment of purposes like Worshipping, Wall hangings and blessing purposes, Book Marks, Greeting Cards and others.
Since the pattachitra has its starting point in the Jagannath sanctuary, the set of three and the extraordinary faction have consistently been the primary subject of the pattas. Ruler Jagannath is portrayed as Maha Vishnu and the method of love is formed for the most part in vaisnavite custom. It is consequently that the vast majority of the topics of conventional Patta Chitra are magical stories from Ramayana and Mahabharat including that of Lord Jagannath, their perpetual wellspring of motivation.
Patta artworks are done on little pieces of cotton material. Customarily, cotton material was utilized; presently, both cotton and silk material are utilized for compositions. A material for painting is ready by covering the cotton fabric with a combination of chalk and gum produced using tamarind seeds. It is then scoured with the assistance of two unique stones. The fabric is then dried. At the point when material is smooth then chikana stone is scoured for sparkling the fabric. Then, at that point, khaddar stone is scoured on the material a few times for smoothening the material.
After which the Chitrakaar (craftsman) paints the material with vegetable and stone tones. The last lines are drawn straightforwardly with the brush either in light red or yellow. Lady individuals set up the paste, the material and apply colours what we call the fill-in, and give the last veneer covering to shield it from climate, hence making the canvas lustrous. The expert hand, generally the male part, defines the underlying boundary and gives the last wrapping up. Finally, on the outside of the artistic creation fine polish is applied.
Pattachitra is a focused craftsmanship with specific principles and guidelines. The standards and guidelines for making a pattachitra are as per the following:
- A botanical boundary is utilized around the artworks.
- The artwork ought to be finished with the utilization of regular tones.
- A solitary tone of shading ought to be utilized.
- The compositions ought to be straightforward with stretched eyes.
Generally, the painters are known as chitrakars. A patta painter’s home with every one of the individuals from family is his studio. Lady individuals set up the paste, the material and apply colours what we call the fill-in, and give the last polish covering. The expert hand, generally the male part, defines the underlying boundary and gives the last wrapping up. Patta compositions are done on little portions of cotton material. The material is ready by covering the attire with a combination of chalk and gum produced using tamarind seeds. Then, at that point it is scoured by taking the assistance of two unique stones and afterward the material is dried. The combination of gum and chalk gives the material’s surface a rugged completion on which the specialists paint with vegetable, earth and stone colours.
The painters don’t utilize pencil or charcoal for the primer drawings. They are so master in the line that they just draw straightforwardly with the brush either in light red or yellow. Then, at that point the tones are filled in. The last lines are drawn and the patta is given a polish covering to shield it from climate, in this manner making the work of art lustrous. This cycle of coating or staining is very intriguing. The composition is held over a chimney so that the rear of the artwork is presented to warm. On the outside of the composition fine polish is applied.
Unique Pattachitra works of art are produced using 100% normal materials.
A great deal goes into protecting the first allure of this fine art, and the chitrakars of Odisha appeared to have dominated that workmanship. What gives Pattachitra an edge over other works of art is the way that the shadings utilized are 100% normal and are ready by the chitrakars utilizing old techniques. While white is made utilizing conch shells, a mineral tone named hingula is utilized as red tone and a stone named harikala is utilized for yellow.
Pattachitra works of art are not simply confined to material and material.
The inventiveness of Pattachitra specialists isn’t simply restricted to material and fabric. They praise the fine art by painting paintings on the external dividers of their homes. These works of art portray legendary scenes from the Panchatantra, the Puranas, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata.
Pattachitra canvases are known for their flower borders.
Pattachitra is a focused type of craftsmanship with set standards and limitations. A flower line is an absolute necessity in Pattachitra artworks, as is the utilization of normal tones, confining them to a solitary tone. This makes an unmistakable look and feel that is commonplace to Pattachitra and can’t be repeated!
Pattachitra craftsmanship is accepted to be the delineated story books of the times past.
The primary subjects of Pattachitra artistic creations have consistently been enlivened by Lord Jagannath and the Vaishnava order. Numerous Pattachitra compositions are stunning portrayals of accounts of Lord Jagannath and Radha-Krishna, the ten manifestations of Vishnu, scenes from the Ramayana, the Mahabharata and some more. In this way, one can envision that much before Amar Chitra Katha, moms were perusing out stories to their youngsters from Pattachitra artworks.
Intriguing Facts About Pattachitra Painting
Raghurajpur is a craftsmanship town which is a focal point of Pattachitra workmanship, it is known for the expert Pattachitra Painters. Pattachitra workmanship has its starting point in 5thc BC. Here this workmanship is as yet alive and that is the reason this town is proclaimed as India’s first legacy town.
Navagunjara is a significant topic in Pattachitra painting. Navagunjara is a half breed legendary animal, which has highlights of 9 animals including the two creatures and birds.
- The neck of Peacock.
- Protuberance of Bull
- Midsection of a Lion
- Snake as its Tail
- Top of a chicken
- Front Leg that of Elephant,
- Back appendage that of Tiger
- Another Black appendage of Deer
- Human Hand
Navagunjara is an idea from Mahabharata, which has a philosophical side connected to it. The legend goes this way, that Arjuna experienced this abnormal animal in the backwoods, his impulse made him shoot with a bow however an idea bestowed by Krishna struck him at that point. The human brain is huge and boundless, and Navagunjara is one more animal in this universe and he regarded it and bowed before Nav Gujarat.